Inversion is great thinking tool which allows one, while thinking backwards, to come up with new perspectives to a problem. Consider the problem of losing weight, forward thinking would be: join a gym, run everyday, take up cycling etc. But using inversion we can start with a question: What can I do to increase my weight? …


A very interesting case happened in 1995, Regina v Adams, where the defense used Bayes’ theorem to prove his client’s innocence.

Thomas Bayes (1701–1761)

Brief of the case: A woman named Regina was raped in London on April 1 1991, as it was during early morning hours and his attacker grabbed her from behind she wasn’t able to see him. London police immediately took vaginal swab and try to match any possible DNA fingerprints from their database, they found match with a guy named Adam.

On one side we have the prosecutor who had a highly incriminating DNA evidence, and on the other…


Socrates use to employ a structured disciplined method of questioning to get answers from his students. In his method of questioning, Socrates would assume an ignorant mindset and give student the ability to explore their assumptions, acknowledge different point of views, re-examine the evidence/fact on which they based their thought and in the process become a better thinker.

Let’s explore Socrates method of questioning in detail.


Whiplash (2014) gives critical insights into mastery, how do we become a master in a particular field? The movie primarily is about the relationship between the student (ambitious jazz drummer Andrew, Miles Teller) and his abusive teacher (Terence Fletcher, JK Simmons), but underneath that the movie provides learning about how does one become a master. The movie specifically explores two themes in detail a) seeking out a mentor b) finding your own authentic voice

A) Seeking out a mentor: Whenever you enter a new field, everything is ambiguous and uncertain to you, how do you navigate your way through? How…


In every field, almost everyone makes decision based on his/her knowledge. The question is: How effective are those decisions based on the said knowledge?

Let’s consider a hypothetical situation: A guy named Steven has lived in a small town called Hallfield for almost his entire life (60 years), he knows almost everyone in the town, their jobs, behavior, attitudes, almost every minuscule detail. He has built this by observing people over a long period of time bit by bit. Now another guy named Matthew enters the town few weeks back, he roams around every street, talks to almost everyone and…


I remember watching 12 Angry Men few years back and being completely blown by it, I couldn’t imagine a movie being set in a single room and being so gripping in its narrative (I was hooked for the entire runtime). Now after watching it several times since, I have realized that the movie had some great insights on critical thinking

Before moving on, here is the premise of the movie: A teenage boy is put on trial for murdering his father and the decision to send him to electric chair resides with the jury consisting of 12 men

The 12 jury members. Juror #8, Henry Fonda, the man who changes the opinion of every other 11 jurors with his thinking

The movie…

Ravi Kala

Likes to think

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